Art Deco jewelry, also known as Jazz Age jewelry, became popular in the 1920s and remained in style through the 1930s. It was named after the Exposition International des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes, a exhibition held in Paris in 1925 that was largely dedicated to the jewelry arts. This style was inspired by a variety of cultural and artistic movements, such as Oriental, African, and South American art, as well as Cubism and Fauvism. Art Deco jewelry is known for its sharp, straight lines and emphasis on modernity and the machine age.
During the Art Deco era, there were significant improvements in diamond cutting techniques, which made diamonds more radiant and sparkling than ever before. This, along with increased prosperity, allowed more people to afford diamond jewelry and engagement rings. Additionally, new casting techniques made it possible to produce more intricate and detailed settings.
Art Deco jewelry was not only fashionable but also reflected the social and cultural changes of the time. The bold, modern design of Art Deco jewelry reflected the liberation and empowerment of women during the 1920s and 1930s. Today, Art Deco jewelry is highly sought after by collectors and is often featured in museum exhibitions and high-end auctions.
Sapphire is a mineral made from aluminum oxide that is known for its beautiful colors, including blue, pink, yellow, green, purple, and orange.
The most popular variety of sapphire is blue sapphire, which has a medium to deep blue color and strong saturation. Blue sapphire is typically the most popular and most affordable of the three major precious gemstones (emerald, ruby, and sapphire) and is often used in a variety of different types of jewelry, including rings, earrings, pendants, and bracelets. Fancy sapphires, which are available in a variety of different colors, are often more rare and expensive than blue sapphires and are prized for their unique and beautiful colors.
Sapphire is a very hard and durable gemstone, with a Mohs hardness of 9 out of 10, which makes it resistant to scratches and other types of damage. It is also believed to have various healing properties and is sometimes used in traditional medicine and meditation practices.
The old European cut is a type of diamond cut that was popular in the 1800s and was used mostly during the Victorian, Edwardian, and Art Nouveau eras. It is the predecessor of today's modern round brilliant cut and is characterized by a circular girdle, a high crown, a small table, and a large, flat culet. Old European cut diamonds have 58 facets, which are small, flat surfaces that are cut into the diamond to create a specific shape and enhance its sparkle and brilliance.
Old European cut diamonds are known for their antique charm and character, and they are often used in vintage-style jewelry. They have a softer, more romantic look than modern diamond cuts, which tend to have more precise geometry and a higher level of brilliance.
Old European cut diamonds are typically less expensive than diamonds with more modern cuts because they require less labor and material to produce. They are often used as accent stones in jewelry designs or as the main gemstone in vintage-style pieces. Despite their lower price, old European cut diamonds can still be beautiful and valuable, and they are a popular choice for those who appreciate the unique charm and character of antique jewelry.
A single cut diamond is a type of diamond cut that was popular in the 1300s and is still used today in some antique jewelry. It is characterized by a large table, an octagonal girdle, and a culet (the bottom edge of the diamond) that may be pointed or flat. Single cut diamonds usually have 18 facets, which are small, flat surfaces that are cut into the diamond to create a specific shape and enhance its sparkle and brilliance.
Single cut diamonds are usually smaller in size and less brilliant than modern diamond cuts, such as round brilliant or princess cuts. They are often used in antique jewelry or as accent stones in modern jewelry designs. Single cut diamonds are typically less expensive than diamonds with more modern cuts because they require less labor and material to produce.
Despite their lower price, single cut diamonds can still be beautiful and valuable. They are a popular choice for collectors of antique jewelry and for those who appreciate the timeless beauty of vintage cuts.
Platinum is a white metallic element that is known for its strength, durability, and resistance to tarnish and corrosion. It belongs to a group of elements called the platinum group metals, which also includes osmium, iridium, palladium, rhodium, and ruthenium.
Platinum is often found in nature as an alloy, which is a mixture of two or more elements. It can be mixed with other platinum group metals or with other elements such as copper, nickel, or cobalt. It wasn't until 1804 that all of the elements in the platinum group were isolated and named, with the exception of osmium, which was not isolated until 1841.
Platinum is a highly prized metal that is often used in the manufacture of fine jewelry. It is malleable, meaning that it can be easily molded and shaped, and it is ductile, meaning that it can be drawn into thin wires or sheets. It is also very strong, which makes it suitable for use in a wide range of applications.
Platinum is named after the Spanish word "platina," which means "little silver." It is thought to have been named this because of its white metallic luster, which is similar to that of silver. Platinum was first discovered by the Spanish conquistadors in South America, near the Pinto River in present-day Columbia.
18k gold is a type of gold alloy that is commonly used in jewelry making. It is made up of 75% gold and 25% other metals, such as copper, silver, or palladium. The addition of other metals helps to increase the durability and strength of the gold, making it more suitable for use in jewelry. 18k gold is softer and more prone to scratching than higher karat golds, such as 22k or 24k, but it is still a popular choice for jewelry because of its warm, yellow color and good resistance to tarnishing. It is also less expensive than higher karat golds due to the smaller amount of gold used in the alloy. 18k gold is a popular choice for engagement rings, wedding bands, and other fine jewelry items.