The old European cut is a type of diamond cut that was popular in the 1800s and was used mostly during the Victorian, Edwardian, and Art Nouveau eras. It is the predecessor of today's modern round brilliant cut and is characterized by a circular girdle, a high crown, a small table, and a large, flat culet. Old European cut diamonds have 58 facets, which are small, flat surfaces that are cut into the diamond to create a specific shape and enhance its sparkle and brilliance.
Old European cut diamonds are known for their antique charm and character, and they are often used in vintage-style jewelry. They have a softer, more romantic look than modern diamond cuts, which tend to have more precise geometry and a higher level of brilliance.
Old European cut diamonds are typically less expensive than diamonds with more modern cuts because they require less labor and material to produce. They are often used as accent stones in jewelry designs or as the main gemstone in vintage-style pieces. Despite their lower price, old European cut diamonds can still be beautiful and valuable, and they are a popular choice for those who appreciate the unique charm and character of antique jewelry.
Emeralds are a variety of the mineral beryl, and their green color is due to the presence of chromium and sometimes vanadium impurities in the crystal structure. The best emeralds are highly transparent and have a rich, velvety green color. The color of an emerald can range from pale green to deep, rich green, and is often described as being similar to the color of grass or leaves.
Emeralds have long been prized for their beauty and have been used in jewelry and other decorative objects for centuries. They are often cut into a variety of shapes, including oval, cushion, and pear, and are sometimes set in gold or platinum to enhance their beauty. Emeralds are also often treated to improve their color and clarity, and these treatments should be disclosed to the buyer.
In terms of hardness, emeralds rank between 7.5 and 8 on the Mohs scale, making them relatively soft compared to other precious gemstones such as diamonds, which rank a 10 on the Mohs scale. This means that emeralds can be more prone to scratching and chipping, and should be handled with care.
In addition to being used in jewelry, emeralds are also used in some traditional medical systems for their supposed healing properties. They are believed to have the ability to calm the mind and emotions, and to promote balance and harmony.
Overall, emeralds are a highly prized and sought-after gemstone due to their stunning green color and the symbolism and symbolism associated with them.
Platinum is a white metallic element that is known for its strength, durability, and resistance to tarnish and corrosion. It belongs to a group of elements called the platinum group metals, which also includes osmium, iridium, palladium, rhodium, and ruthenium.
Platinum is often found in nature as an alloy, which is a mixture of two or more elements. It can be mixed with other platinum group metals or with other elements such as copper, nickel, or cobalt. It wasn't until 1804 that all of the elements in the platinum group were isolated and named, with the exception of osmium, which was not isolated until 1841.
Platinum is a highly prized metal that is often used in the manufacture of fine jewelry. It is malleable, meaning that it can be easily molded and shaped, and it is ductile, meaning that it can be drawn into thin wires or sheets. It is also very strong, which makes it suitable for use in a wide range of applications.
Platinum is named after the Spanish word "platina," which means "little silver." It is thought to have been named this because of its white metallic luster, which is similar to that of silver. Platinum was first discovered by the Spanish conquistadors in South America, near the Pinto River in present-day Columbia.